Norman Girvan

Power Imbalances and Development Knowledge
Septiembre 2007. Prepared as part of a North-South Institute (Ottawa) project, this paper discusses the reform of the international development architecture within an analytical framework of power imbalances and development knowledge hierarchies. It argues for a context-specific and locally driven approach to development, with the knowledge empowerment of the South playing a central role. Hierarchies should be inverted so that the international development architecture becomes South-driven and North-supported. Development cooperation should recognize diversity, accept policy heterodoxy, and be oriented to support endogenous Southern capabilities in development knowledge  

Towards a Single Development Vision and Role Of The Single Economy
Julio 2007. Report approved at the 28th Meeting of the Conference of Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community in July 2007  as ‘the framework for the development of the Community’.CONTENTS Introductory Note/Mission Statement/I. Scope And Development Vision/II. Sectoral Economic Drivers Of Regional Development/III. Enabling Environment: Economic Policy Harmonisation/IV. Enabling Environment: Social And Institutional Structures /V. Sequencing Of Further CSME Implementation/ Annexes

Production Integration: A Critical Perspective
Junio 2006. Discusses the meaning and limitations of the concept of production integration in Caricom as represented by the Caricom Single Market and Economy (CSME). Noting that it has been customary to focuse on production integration in goods; the paper first examines trade and macroeconomic trends in Caricom economies and argues that this has been taking place. It goes on to question the extent to which this is likely under the conditions of ‘Open Regionalism’ and market integration that underlie the CSME. An expanded meaning of production integration is proposed, linked to the concepts of ‘policy integration’ and ‘policy space’. The paper also points to the limitations of the economistic approach embodied in the CSME and makes a case for the incorporation of the social and environmental dimensions as being essential to the success of the Caricom integration project. The final part presents conclusions and suggested phasing for the CSME.

Regionalism and The Association of Caribbean States
Agosto de 2002.Discusses the experience of the Association of Caribbean States (ACS) as a case study of regional cooperation among developing countries in response to the challenges of globalisation. The ACS was launched in 1994 with membership of the countries of the ‘Greater Caribbean’ region. It evolved a system of functional cooperation in intra- and extra-regional relations in economic, social and environmental matters—a ‘Zone of Cooperation’ rather than an economic integration scheme. In its first seven years it faced the challenges of securing political consensus among its members, gaining public legitimacy and demarcating a distinct role for itself. Conflicting conceptions of its role–integration/maximalist vs. cooperation/niche—were eventually resolved in favour of the latter. Structural differences among member states underlay the processes of contradiction, competition, and complementarity in agenda setting. The conclusion is that the ACS experience demonstrates that regionalism in functional cooperation across a shared geographic space can play an important role, even in the absence of market liberalisation and integration.