Automation is the total or partial elimination of human intervention in the execution of a job. The first forms took place in the previous industrial revolutions, automation 1.0, with the birth of industry (steam engines 1760) and much later automation 2.0, the assembly line (Fordism 1910). Today it is possible to speak of electronic automation 3.0 thanks to the technological development of economies, especially mature economies (Computers 1970). Innovations have brought benefits such as growth in the profitability and productivity of firms.
In the post-pandemic world, informality remains a majority reality in Latin America. Technological change and the platform economy deepen long-term trends and make what we mean by informality in the region more complex.