Latin America's trade with the Indo-Pacific region has become more dynamic in the last decade. It occurred by the emergence of China as an economic power and by the efforts of Latin American integration mechanisms. During this period, LAC exports to the European Union decreased, and those to the United States slowed down. For Latin American and Caribbean countries, the shift from the centre of the world economy to the Pacific basin means the opportunity to decrease their historical dependence on the West and the North Atlantic.
The People's Republic of China (PRC) opened the doors of its economy to the world in 1990, leaving behind its 20th-century policy of autarky. It is Chinese foreign policy to safeguard the common interests of humanity, promote multilateralism, and establish a fair and rational international political and economic order. It also protects the world's diversity and advocates the democratisation of international relations and the diversification of development models.
The year 2021 was one of recovery after the economic and health crisis. Most governments have followed spending policies since the mid-2020s to cushion the downturn and shore up the recovery. Although almost all countries followed Keynesian macroeconomic prescriptions, the intensity and effects in each country varied. How is the recovery going in Latin America, and what to expect for the region?