Fecha: Lunes, Mayo 23, 2022 - 19:57

President Biden has enlisted a dozen Asia-Pacific nations to join a new loosely defined economic bloc meant to counter China’s dominance and reassert American influence in the region five years after his predecessor withdrew the United States from a sweeping trade accord that it had negotiated itself.

The alliance will bring the United States together with such regional powerhouses as Japan, South Korea and India to establish new rules of commerce in the fastest-growing part of the world and offer an alternative to Beijing’s leadership. But wary of liberal opposition at home, Mr. Biden’s new partnership will avoid the market access provisions of traditional trade deals, raising questions about how meaningful it will be. 

“We’re writing the new rules for the 21st-century economy,” Mr. Biden said on Monday in Tokyo during the launch for what he has termed the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework. “We’re going to help all of our country’s economies grow faster and fairer.”

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Fecha: Lunes, Mayo 23, 2022 - 19:52

For decades, the mainstream of both the Democratic and Republican parties favored expanding trade between the U.S. and other countries. Greater globalization, these politicians promised, would increase economic growth — and with the bounty from that growth, the country could compensate any workers who suffered from increased trade. But it didn’t work out that way.

Instead, trade has contributed to the stagnation of living standards for millions of working-class Americans, by shrinking the number of good-paying, blue-collar jobs here. The incomes of workers without a bachelor’s degree have grown only slowly over the past few decades. Many measures of well-being — even life expectancy — have declined in recent years.

All along, many politicians and experts continued to insist that trade was expanding the economic pie. And they were often right. But struggling workers understandably viewed those claims as either false or irrelevant, and they refused to support further expansions of trade.

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Análisis del OBELA         /          ( english version )

El cóctel Molotov del hambre: inflación, escasez, crisis climática y guerra

Resumen:

Las experiencias en Eurasia y América Latina son alternativas viables y reales de un regionalismo post-hegemónico; estas regiones, al igual que otras del Sur-global, han ganado terreno frente a Occidente y el eurocentrismo. China ha construido redes de cooperación favorables a sus intereses; con la IFR y el desarrollo de sus países vecinos, logró mover el eje de la economía mundial del Atlántico Norte a la Cuenca del Pacífico. Moscú y Beijín están del mismo lado del multilateralismo bipolar. América Latina, siempre en busca de autonomía, mira cada vez más hacia oriente.

Eurasia y América Latina en el multilateralismo bipolar

Resumen:

El escenario internacional contemporáneo exige regionalismos adecuados a la realidad política de los Estados. La construcción de una región no se limita a la visión dominante promovida por Occidente y el modelo de la Unión Europea (UE). Los proyectos de integración euroasiática y latinoamericana, al igual que la relación transcontinental, se han dinamizado en los últimos años; en este proceso, la República Popular China (RPC) y la Federación de Rusia son actores clave.

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